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Animal House

Animal House is being established in the Science Campus of Alagappa University with the financial support of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India under Fund for Improvement of S&T Infrastructure in Higher Educational Institutions (FIST-Level I- Phase II) Scheme sanctioned to the Department of Biotechnology, Alagappa University (SR/FST/LSI-639-2015(C) dated 02.06.2016). The Animal House is being registered with the Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA), Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India for three purposes, viz., (a) Registration for the purpose of Research for education (Code Re), (b) Registration for the purpose of Research (Code R) and (c) Registration for Breeding for in-house use (Code Bi).

An Institutional Animal Ethics Committee (IAEC) has been established for advising the Institution and Faculty Members and Researchers on facilities, policies and practices at the Animal House concerning the care and use of animals. The IAEC ensures that the "Three Rs" viz. Replacement, Reduction and Refinement are invoked for every project involving animals and that these principles are followed in letter and spirit to minimize the number of animals used for teaching and research at Alagappa University. Rats (Wistar Strain/Sprague Dawley) and Mice (Swiss albino) will be maintained in the Animal House and will be utilized for both education and research purposes. The IAEC consisting of the following members, will oversee the functioning of the animal house, assist in approving the submitted proposals and carefully monitor the experiments carried out on animals.

S. No Name and Address Affiliation in the IAEC, Alagappa University
1 Dr. S. Karutha Pandian, Professor and Head
Department of Biotechnology, Science Campus, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630 003, Tamil Nadu
CHAIRMAN
Biological Scientist
2 Dr. K. Balamurugan, Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Science Campus, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630 003, Tamil Nadu MEMBER
Scientists from different Biological Discipline-1
3 Dr. B. Vaseeharan, Professor and Head, Department of Animal Health & Management, Science Campus, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630 003, Tamil Nadu MEMBER
Scientists from different Biological Discipline-2
4 Dr. Ry. Chithambaram, Tamil Nadu State Veterinary Council Member [No 4659], Karaikudi Pet Clinic, 215, Guggees Illam, Mahatma Gandhi Road, Soodamanipuram, Karaikudi 630 003, Tamil Nadu MEMBER
Veterinarian
5 Dr. K. Pandima Devi, Associate  Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Science Campus, Alagappa University,  Karaikudi 630 003, Tamil Nadu MEMBER SECRETARY
Scientist in charge of Animal House

 

AQUATIC ANIMAL REARING UNIT

The Marine & Freshwater Aquaculture Research Program is developing innovative technologies to produce fishes and invertebrates to meet our growing national demand for seafood and to restock depleted recreational and commercial stocks. Research is directed toward designing and testing filtration technologies for sustainable recirculating systems and toward developing spawning, larval rearing and growout culture methods for marine or freshwater species including ornamental fishes. In view of the above fact, the Aquatic Animals Rearing Unit and Vermiculture Unit are established and maintained within the Animal House by Department of Animal Health and Management. The animal house is situated adjacent to the Science block of Alagappa University.

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES OF DAHM

Dept. of Animal Health and Management conduct research in Animal Rearing Units on the following aspects:

  • Study of immunological assays and host pathogen interaction.
  • EPA approved model organism for ecotoxicological studies and live feed culture of fishes.
  • Purification of the immune related genes/proteins from shrimps.
  • Evaluation of immune system role on crustacean.
  • Biopolymers generation from crustaceans shell waste.
  • Molecular interactions between the Aquatic animals and Microbes.
  • Alternative medicine for disease control and prevention.
  • Molecular characterization of Indigenous and exotic probiotic strains.

The commonly available species are:
  • Blue swimmer crab Portunus pelagicus
  • Green tiger shrimp Peneaus semisulcatus
  • Zooplanktons Moina micrura and Ceriodaphnia cornuta
  • Tilapia: Oreochrompis mosombicus

ORNAMENTAL FISH CULTURE

Many people are involved in ornamental fish rearing and trade practices adding sizeable income to their households. Ornamental Fish Breeding involves simple technical inputs and infrastructure. The prospects of developing ornamental fish breeding in rural areas by involving Self Help Groups are high. The capital investments are less with good returns. In recent years, ornamental fishes are receiving increased attention due to the local and global demand and the consequent growth of the export market and trade. Dept. of animal Health using the aquatic rearing unit to conduct the following research:

  • Preparation of medicine for controlling fungal and bacterial diseases.
  • To standardize breeding protocols for mass production of ornamental fishes.
  • Water quality and disease testing lab services
  • Live feed culture.
  • Probiotic and Prebiotics
  • Colour enhancement in ornamental fishes.

The most important ornamental fishes are: Arowana fish, Zebra fish, Guppy, Flower Horn and Cichlids


EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

The technology of ornamental fish culture involves low cost input. It can be extended to the rural areas for generating employment opportunities to augment income for the rural people.

  • To create model fresh water fish and ornamental fish farm facility.
  • To standardize breeding protocols for few high values ornamental fishes.
  • To develop cost effective methods for live feed cultures.
  • To develop brood stock for commercial cultivable species.

Under such conditions, fisheries and aquaculture can realize their potential as an important and growing source of economic development in rural areas.

VERMICULTURE UNIT

An innovative discipline of vermiculture, the breeding and propagation of earthworms and the use of its castings has become an important tool of waste recycling. Management of solid waste has become one of the biggest problems and the vermicomposting is the better option to tackle with this problem. Vermicomposting is the process of conversion of organic wastes by earthworms to valuable humus like material which is used as a natural soil conditioner. Vermicomposting is environment friendly and cost effective technique for solid waste management. Vermicomposting serves two main purposes for the welfare of humans as it helps in the degradation of solid waste and the cast produced during this process is used as a natural fertilizer.


Ecological roles and economic importance of earthworms
  • Improves the quantity of the produce (taste & shelf life)
  • Reduces the usage of inorganic fertilizers
  • Helps in sustainable agriculture
  • Increases the beneficial microorganisms in the soil and increases the organic carbon
  • Environment and food chain can be safe-guarded from chemical toxicity
  • Eco-friendly technology

Common species for culture
  • Eisenia fetida
  • Lumbricus rubellus
  • Lampito mauritii
  • Eudrilus eugeniae
Applications of vermiculture

The following are the reasons and advantages in vermiculture.

  • Sericulture, pisciculture and apiculture, vermiculture is a profitable technology with immense potential applications in many fields.
  • Recent studies have revealed that earthworms could be used for production of cheap animal protein, weed management, indicator organism for ecotoxicological testing, for control of pollution.
  • Further very recently earthworms have also been shown to have potential application in the preparations of pharmaceutical products.

With above mentioned applications that the Department of Animal Health and Management has established and maintaining the Aquatic Animals Rearing Unit and Vermiculture Unit for the benefit of researchers and public uses.

 

Lab incinerator
Fuel free solid waste dispenser

Fuel free solid waste disposal system is based on a recent innovative technology which requires no additional fuel. It is the perfect solution for solid waste management and waste to energy and heat conversion. Fuel free solid waste dispenser is a commercially manufactured one to easily manage municipal waste, waste from small scale units and industries, auditorium and educational institutions. It helps dispose-off the solid waste easily with no fuel requirement. The by product is ash which can be used as fertilizer or for making ash based light weight bricks. It is highly compact, portable and easy to handle. Fuel free solid waste dispenser is recently installed in the Science Campus of Alagappa University for effective disposal of solid waste such as laboratory microbiological and other biological wastes from experiments. Fuel free solid waste dispenser helps to regularly clean the lab wastes and avoid further contamination to the laboratory and environments. Perhaps, this solid waste dispenser helps to prevent environmental pollution that arises due to persistence of solid waste.